GSX Shares Tank 15% After Muddy Waters Claims 80% of Students Are Bots

Just another short-seller report for the Chinese afterschool tutoring company.
Anna VodMay 18,2020,13:40

Shares in GSX Techedu Inc. (NYSE: GSX) tanked 15% in early trading Monday on another short report, this time from notorious Muddy Waters Research.

The research firm alleged that the Chinese afterschool tutoring provider overstated its users by “at least” 73.2%, and “quite likely” by 80.8%. Moreover, Muddy Waters said in the report, dated May 18, those conclusions are company-favorable. “A somewhat less company-favorable approach would yield a fake user ratio approaching 90%,” the report stated.

And based on the alleged bot figures, Muddy Waters claimed, the revenues of GSX are also overstated.

“Although it would not surprise us if the ASP on the real portion of GSX’s business is fraudulently inflated too,” the short-seller firm added.

Muddy Waters said it based its findings on GSX’s attendance data from more than 200 paid classes for 54,065 users in the first half of 2020, as well as statements from a former GSX manager.

Muddy Waters called GSX a “massive loss-making business” and an “almost completely empty box.”


The allegations followed an April report by Citron Research, which called GSX "the most blatant Chinese stock fraud since 2011." Citron claimed the education company overstated its revenues by up to 70% and that 40% of its reported users were bots.

At the time, GSX denied the allegations, saying that the report included numerous errors, unsubstantiated statements, and a misinterpretation of information.

"The company has two K-12 live large course brands, Gaotu and Genshuixue, with Gaotu contributing more than a majority of the company's net revenues from K-12 courses," the company said. "The report falsely equated the revenue from Genshuixue to the company's entire revenue from K-12 courses, showing an apparent ignorance of the company's business."

Earlier this month, GSX posted apparently strong financials for the first quarter, showing revenues grew nearly fivefold year-over-year to $183.2 million, while net income reached $20.9 million.

The Beijing-based GSX became publicly traded in June 2019, raising $208 million from Wall Street investors. In an interview with CapitalWatch on IPO day, Shannon Shen, the chief financial officer of GSX, said the company takes pride in its sustainability and independence from outside funding.

Since issue price of $10.50 per share, GSX stock has had a strong trading run, especially since the Covid-19 outbreak turned Chinese students to online tutoring. Shares in the company hit a high of $46.40 before the Citron short report, then rebounded after GSX replied and turned up beefy financials.

On Monday morning however, thanks to Muddy Waters, the company’s stock was trading at $30 a share, down from $35.48 on Friday.

Credit Suisse, recently hit by the Luckin Coffee (Nasdaq: LK) fraud scandal, is the securer on GSX shares.